Pomos village - Polis Area - Paphos - Cyprus

Pomos Village Polis Chrysochous Area


The community of Pomos finds itself 60 kilometers of the northeasterly city of Paphos , in the geographic region of Tillyria.

The village is built next to the sea, in medium altitude of 10 meters. Roughly two and a half kilometers in the south-eastern side of the village the altitude reaches the 600 meters (locality Hill Top), and also in a distance of roughly 5 kilometers of southerly-eastern Pomos, very near to its administrative limits, Lorovounos is found, at an altitude of 670 meters.

The village of Pomos accepts a medium annual rainfall of around 440 millimeters of water and in its region they are cultivated citrus fruits, bananas, almond trees, avocado, walnut trees, olive trees, few vegetables and pistachio-nuts. In the region exist many uncultivated areas that are covered by natural vegetation such as pines and thyme. The southern side of the village is included in the government owned forest of Paphos .

As far as transportation is concerned, the village of Pomos is found next to the coastal street of Polis-Xeros. Via the street, the village of Pomos is connected in the northeastern side with the village Pachiammos (5 Km) and in the southwestern side with the village New Dimmata (5 km) and via this village with the village Polis (20 km). In the north side of the village in a distance of 2 kilometers the Cape of Pomos is found, that took its name from the village. The way from the village of Polis up to Pomos, as it is known, is considered to be the most graphic way in Cyprus .

The village is included in the Irrigatory Work of Chrysohous, by which it has been profited, during its second phase, with the irrigation of other important extents of ground in its coastal region.

The coastal position of the village contributed in the growth of fishery. In the coastal of Pomos, it functions a piscatorial shelter, which entertains the fishing boats of the residents of the region.

The village met a continuous demographic increase. In 1881 the residents of village were 183 but 100 years later the residents increased to 543. In the last inventory that took place in 2001 the residents of the community were measured to be 568.

The village existed with the same precisely name at the medieval years and in old maps it is marked as Pomo. Certain researchers and students write the village in the type Pomos, something however that is not explained etymologically. On the contrary, equitable it appears to be the writing type Pwmos, because the name of the village is considered that it has ancient Greek origin, from the word altar or "Vwmos". It is very likely at the antiquity to existed in the region a temple of a goddess (maybe that of Venus) with a famous altar.

In the region of the village it exists an archaeological space of the prehistorically years, that still has not been investigated and studied completely. Exists also the theory that in the same region existed the legendary Cypriot ancient city of Kallinousa, that however is not confirmed in ancient literary sources and has not been supported from the archaeological research. Unique clue on the existence of such an ancient city (if it existed) was the ancient name of the cape of Pomos, that Klavdios the Ptolemaios named Kallinousa. Again, certain old investigators (as the archimandrite Kyprianos) identify the Kallinousan with the also ancient Cypriot City Alexandria , which is found marked in medieval maps as Alexandreta (Alesandreta) , in the region of Pomos.

After some existing clues they report and lead that existed in the region of Pomos some ancient settlements that were not however important cities. Is thus justified the most likely ancient origin of the name of the village.

The region of Pomos is connected likely with the arrival of Agia Eleni there, during the 14th AC century, when the mother of Constantine the Great had visited Cyprus . Once again they do not exist more certain explicit clues, except the fact that near Pomos it existed also another settlement (of the Byzantine years and the years of domination of the Franks), that was named Agia Eleni. This settlement is found in the north side of Pomos. It was destroyed during the period of the Ottoman domination.

In the village, the Virgin Mary is honored particularly. In deed, in the region there is a small monastery dedicated in the Virgin Mary the Chrysopateritsa . The monastery is found roughly 5 kilometers of the northwesterly current settlement.

source: www.pomos.org.cy